For those who keep hedgehogs as pets or are simply curious, one common question is: what do hedgehogs eat food? As omnivores, hedgehogs have a diverse diet that includes both plant and animal matter. Here is a complete guide to what hedgehogs eat.
What Do Hedgehogs Eat in the Wild?
Hedgehogs in the wild eat a variety of foods, including insects, snails, worms, slugs, and small rodents. They also eat plants such as fruits, berries, and roots. Hedgehogs are opportunistic feeders, meaning they will eat whatever is available to them.
What Do Pet Hedgehogs Eat?
Pet hedgehogs have slightly different dietary needs than wild hedgehogs. A balanced diet for a pet hedgehog will consist of:
- High-quality dry cat food (at least 30% protein)
- Meat-based baby food (without onion or garlic)
- Insects such as mealworms or crickets
- Fruits such as apples or bananas (in moderation)
- Vegetables such as green beans or sweet potatoes (in moderation)
Can Hedgehogs Eat Treats?
Yes, hedgehogs can have treats, but they should be given in moderation. Some good treats for hedgehogs include:
- Boiled eggs
- Baby food fruits (in moderation)
- Small amounts of cooked chicken
- Waxworms (in moderation)
What Foods Should Hedgehogs Avoid?
There are some foods that hedgehogs should not eat, including:
- Foods that are high in fat or sugar
- Onions or garlic
- Citrus fruits
- Raw meat or eggs
Can hedgehogs eat cat food?
Yes, high-quality dry cat food is a staple of a hedgehog’s diet.
Can hedgehogs eat fruits and vegetables?
Yes, fruits and vegetables can be a part of a balanced hedgehog diet, but should be given in moderation.
Can hedgehogs eat mealworms?
Yes, mealworms are a good source of protein for hedgehogs.
Can hedgehogs eat cheese?
No, hedgehogs are lactose intolerant and cannot properly digest dairy products.
Can hedgehogs eat bread?
Bread is not recommended for hedgehogs, as it has little nutritional value and can cause digestive problems.
Can hedgehogs eat nuts?
No, nuts are high in fat and can cause health problems for hedgehogs.
Can hedgehogs eat grapes?
No, grapes are toxic to hedgehogs and should be avoided.
Can hedgehogs eat bananas?
Yes, bananas are a safe fruit for hedgehogs to eat in moderation.
Pros of Feeding Hedgehogs a Balanced Diet
Feeding hedgehogs a balanced diet can lead to:
- Healthy weight
- Healthy skin and fur
- Strong immune system
- Longer lifespan
Tips for Feeding Hedgehogs
Here are some tips for feeding hedgehogs:
- Provide fresh water daily
- Feed a variety of foods to ensure a balanced diet
- Monitor weight and adjust diet as needed
- Offer treats in moderation
Hedgehogs are omnivores that eat a variety of plant and animal matter. A balanced diet for a pet hedgehog includes high-quality dry cat food, meat-based baby food, insects, fruits, and vegetables in moderation. Treats should be given sparingly, and certain foods such as onions, garlic, and chocolate should be avoided.