Puff Pastry vs Pie Crust: What’s the Difference?

Do you love pies? Who doesn’t? But have you ever wondered what the difference is between puff pastry and pie crust?

Puff pastry vs. pie crust: Both are used to make delicious pies but are made differently. The most significant difference is that both pastries are made from different techniques/ processes; hence, they have very different textures.

Puff Pastry vs Pie Crust: What's the Difference?

This blog post will discuss the differences and how to make each. We will also provide some recipes for you to try!

What is Pie Crust?

The dough is made from flour, fat (usually butter or shortening), and water. It is rolled out into a thin sheet and then lined with a pie dish. The filling is added to the pie crust, and then the pie is baked.

What’s the Difference?

sausate rolls
Sausage rolls wrapped in puff pastry. Credit: canva


Firstly, it is essential to note that Pie Crust falls under the category of Shortcrust Pastry and Puff Pastry falls under its namesake, Puff Pastry.


Puff Pastry vs Pie Crust: What's the Difference?
Credit: canva

Puff pastry is made with flour, butter, and water, while pie crust is made with flour, fat, and water.

The Method 

Puff Pastry vs Pie Crust: What's the Difference?

You will need flour, butter, water, and a rolling pin to make puff pastry.

You will need flour, fat (butter or vegetable shortening), and water to make the pie crust.

Puff Pastry, while delicious, takes a long time to make and can be deemed a labor of love as it requires manual dough rolling.

Puff pastry is a laminated dough. It is made by rolling out the dough, folding it over several times, and then chilling it to maintain the coldness of the butter. The folding and rolling create lots of layers of dough separated by the butter.

Pie Crust is a pie dough formed using a simpler and quicker method. Cold shortening or butter is rubbed into plain flour by hand or mixer to create a loose dough. That is then bonded using a small amount of ice water.

Pie crust is made by rolling out the dough. It is then shaped and refrigerated before being placed to create the top or bottom of a pie.

The Texture

Puff Pastry vs Pie Crust: What's the Difference?

The classic puff pastry has a light and fluffy texture. It is fluffier and crispier than pie dough. However, it is more delicate and has many flaky, crumbly textures and tender layers than pie dough.

While pie crust has a flaky and sturdier texture, pie crust dough is much thicker and sturdier. It provides a solid bite and, thus, a foundation to hold pie fillings.


Puff pastry has fewer calories. It is made with butter, which is a high-fat ingredient.

Pie crust is made with shortening or butter, both high-fat ingredients. And both contribute to higher calories count.

Which One Should You Choose?

chicken pot pie
Chicken pot pie with pie crust lining. Credit: canva

If you are looking for a light and fluffy dough with a buttery taste, puff pastry is the right choice. It can be used for various dishes, such as pies, pastries, tarts, and more.

Pie crust can be used for sweet or savory pies, quiches, and more.

Can You Substitute in Place of the Other?

Puff Pastry vs Pie Crust: What's the Difference?
Australian meat pies with a pie crust base and a puff pastry top. Credit: canva

Puff pastry can be used in place of pie crust, but it will not have the same flaky texture.

It would be best to use puff pastry instead of pie crust for the bottom crust of a pie because, generally, the puff pastry will not support the filling inside of a pie.

Pie crust can be used instead of puff pastry, but it will not puff up when baked.

You can’t replicate the flakiness of puff pastries with a pie crust/ pie dough, but it can be used as an alternative to puff pastry in dishes such as beef Wellington. You can also use either homemade, store-bought pie dough or frozen pie dough to top pot pies or make turnovers.

How to Make Handmade Puff Pastry?

Puff Pastry vs Pie Crust: What's the Difference?
Rolling the dough for making puff pastry. Credit: canva


  • One teaspoon of granulated sugar
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt
  • 3/4 cup (1.5 sticks; 170g) unsalted butter, very cold and cubed
  • 6–8 Tablespoons (90-120ml) of ice-cold water


Making the dough:

  1. Mix the flour, sugar, and salt in a large mixing bowl. On top of that lay the cold and cubed butter. Using your hands, gently combine the flour and pieces of butter until they are combined. You do not want to break down the slab of butter too much in this step.
  2. At this point, the butter is still in large cubes/chunks. Begin adding 1 Tablespoon (15ml) at a time of ice-cold water until you form 1 huge shaggy clump in your bowl with your hands. After each Tablespoon, use your hands to mix the dough.
  3. As the dough begins to hydrate after 4 Tablespoons (60ml) of water, you may start lightly squeezing or clumping it together with your hands to help it come together. The mixture will still be rather rough or shaggy.
  4. Remove the dough from the bowl, then turn the shaggy clump of dough out on a lightly floured surface. There will still be large chunks of butter at this stage, which is excellent.
  5. Using lightly floured hands, pat the dough down until it’s 3/4 – 1 inch thick, forming a 5×8 inch rectangle. Fold the dough in half lengthwise, as though folding a business letter. Any cracks in your dough should be smoothed and flattened using your hands.
  6. Wrap it up tightly in plastic wrap, parchment paper, or aluminum foil, or place it into any tightly sealed container.

1st Refrigeration:

  1. Refrigerate dough for at least 2 hours and up to 24 hours.

Roll & Fold:

  1. Take the dough out of the refrigerator to begin rolling and folding it. If you chill the dough for longer than about 3 hours, it’s most likely frozen stiff, so give it a 5-minute rest before starting to roll.
  2. Flour a work area lightly. Gently flatten the dough into a tiny square with your palms. The dough becomes sticky, so make sure you have some additional flour on hand as you roll and fold it.
  3. With a rolling pin, roll the dough into a 6-inch by 12-inch rectangle that is 1/2 inch thick. The exact size isn’t critical, although the thickness must be precise. It’s a good idea to flip the dough over once or twice while rolling it to ensure it doesn’t stick to your work surface.
  4. Fold the rectangle into thirds like a business letter. Roll it out into a 6×12 inch 1/2 inch thick rectangle again, then turn it clockwise or counterclockwise. Then repeat the rolling and folding four more times for a total of 6 cycles. So you’re left with dozens of layers of thin dough, with very thin layers of butter between them.

2nd Refrigeration:

  1. Wrap tightly and refrigerate for at least 15 minutes but no more than 24 hours before using in a recipe.
  2. You can also freeze the dough at this point.

How to Make Homemade Pie Crust

Puff Pastry vs Pie Crust: What's the Difference?
Making pie crust. Credit: canva

This is how to prepare our simple flaky all-butter pie crust, which produces consistent pie dough every time and is a joy to roll out.


  • 2 ½ cups (325 grams) of all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt or use 1/2 teaspoon fine sea salt
  • 1 tablespoon sugar, optional
  • 1 cup (230 grams) of very cold unsalted butter, cut into 1/2-inch cubes (2 sticks)
  • 4 to 8 tablespoons of ice water


Method When Using Food Processor:

  1. In a food processor, combine 2 1/2 cups flour, salt, and sugar (optional)—pulse 2 to 3 times until combined. The final cup of flour will be added at a later time.
  2. Scatter the cold butter over the flour mixture and process until a dough or paste begins to form, around 15 seconds. (There should be no uncoated flour.)
  3. Place dough in a well-oiled bowl, add oil and melted butter (1 tablespoon for 8 ounces of flour), and turn once to combine. Scrap the bowl before redistributing the flour-butter mixture; then add the remaining 1 cup of flour: pulse 4 to 5 times until all of the flour has been dispersed and is a little crumbly.
  4. Place the crumb-like dough in a large mixing bowl, add ice water to about half of the mixture (4 tablespoons), then work your way up. With a rubber spatula, press the dough down into itself. The crumbs should start to clump together. It’ll be ready if you pinch a piece and it holds together. Add 2 to 4 additional tablespoons of water if the dough breaks and press until the dough comes together.
  5. Remove the dough from the bowl and place it on a clean surface in a mound. Work the dough just enough to form a ball.
  6. Cut the ball of dough in half to make two discs with a pastry cutter. Wrap each disc with plastic wrap and refrigerate it for at least an hour but no more than two days. It can also be frozen for up to three months (unwrap it before using it).

Method When Making By Hand:

  1. In a medium mixing bowl, combine 1 1/2 cups flour, salt, and sugar (if using). Stir 2 to 3 times until combined.
  2. Using a fork or spatula, carefully pat the butter into the flour until fully coated.
  3. Cut the butter into the flour with a pastry blender, working until the flour has a coarse, mealy texture comparable to fresh bread crumbs. Approximately 1 – 2 minutes.
  4. Add another 1 cup of flour. With the pastry blender, combine the butter and flour until thoroughly blended—about 20 seconds (Dough should look crumbly with pea-sized pieces).
  5. Sprinkle ice water over the top, then add four tablespoons at a time. Using a rubber spatula, press the dough into itself. The crumbs should begin to form larger clusters after pressing. If you pinch some of the dough and it holds together, it’s ready. If the dough breaks apart, add 2 to 4 more tablespoons of water.
  6. Remove the dough from the bowl and place it on a clean surface in a mound. Form the dough into a ball by working it only enough.
  7. Cut the dough ball in half, then form each piece into a disc. Cover each disc with plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 1 hour but no more than two days. It can also be frozen for up to 3 months (thaw it overnight in the fridge before using it).

Rolling Out Dough:

  1. Remove one of the dough discs from the refrigerator and sit at room temperature for 5 minutes.
  2. Flour the counter, top the dough, and lightly roll the pin. When necessary, add a little bit of flour to the surface below to ensure that the dough does not adhere. Then use the rolling pin to roll out the dough into a 12-inch circle (about 1/8 inch thick).
  3. To transfer the dough into the dish, start at one end and roll it around the rolling pin before unwrapping it over it. Invert the pie dish over the dough round to check for size. The edge of the pie dish should be at least 1 inch thick.
  4. Carefully press down the dough to line the bottom and sides of the dish. (Use caution not to pull or stretch the dough). Then, using a knife or pair of kitchen scissors, trim the dough to within 1/2 inch of the edge of the dish.
  5. Fold the dough’s edge underneath itself to give it a thicker, 1/4-inch border that sits on the lip of the plate. Then, using one hand as a pointer and two knuckles of the other hand as a lever, crimp the edges by pressing your pointer finger from within the dish while softly pushing with two knuckles from outside.
  6. Refrigerate dough for at least 20 minutes or freeze for 5 minutes before baking.
  7. Then, after putting the pie filling inside the pie, top it with a second dough round. After that, trim the edges and crimp them. When making a double-crust pie dough recipe, don’t seal the edges yet.

How to Bake Store-Bought Frozen Puff Pastry

Follow these instructions carefully.

  1. First, defrost it thoroughly in the refrigerator.
  2. Then, please remove it from the refrigerator and let it return to room temperature.
  3. Next, preheat the oven to 400 degrees F. Line a rimmed baking sheet with parchment paper.
  4. Place it on the baking sheet, leaving enough space between pieces, so they do not stick together.
  5. Bake for 15 to 18 minutes until golden brown.
  6. Remove from the oven and let cool slightly before serving.

Pies and Filling Options

Savory Filling Pies

Savory pies are filled with meats, vegetables, and cheeses. They can be made with various crusts, including pastry, pie crusts made from potatoes or other vegetables, or even bread dough.

They’re perfect for a quick and easy meal and can be customized to include your favorite ingredients. Plus, they’re great for using up leftovers!

Sweet Filling Pies

Sweet pies are usually filled with fruit or sweet custard. Popular fillings include apple, cherry, peach, blueberry, and pumpkin. They can also have ingredients like chocolate or Nutella.

These pies are often topped with a lattice crust or a second crust on top. Sometimes sugar and/or cinnamon are added to the crust for extra flavor.


Can I substitute pie crust for puff pastry?

Yes, you can substitute them. However, the results will not be the same.

What is the difference between puff pastry and phyllo dough?

Puff pastry is made with flour, butter, and water. Phyllo dough is made with flour and water.

Can I use pie crust instead of puff pastry for baked brie?

No, it would be best if you did not use pie crust in puff pastry for baked brie.

Related Topics

Is roast chicken healthy?

Some people think roast chicken is healthy because it is low in fat. However, the problem with roast chicken is that the skin is loaded with unhealthy saturated and trans fats.

The best way to make roast chicken healthy is to remove the skin before cooking.

What sides go with BBQ chicken?

BBQ chicken is a popular dish, so there are many side options. Some people might like to eat it with rice or on a sandwich. Others might want macaroni, cheese, or coleslaw as their side dish.

There are many possibilities, depending on the person’s taste preferences.

What goes with orange chicken?

Orange chicken is typically served with steamed white rice and a side of vegetables. Some people also like to order a side of egg rolls or crab rangoon.

Do you wash chicken before marinating?

Yes, you should always wash chicken before marinating. It’s essential to remove any contaminants or bacteria on the surface of the chicken so that they don’t end up in your marinade.

You can wash the chicken under cold water or use a poultry cleanser.

What cut of meat is milanesa?

Milanesa is a thin, breaded, and fried cut of meat. It can be made from beef, pork, chicken, or veal.